Glaucoma Condition

Glaucoma refers to a number of eye diseases that are caused by damage to the optic nerve which connects the eye to the brain. The damage to the optic nerve can be made by pressure caused after excess liquid is built up in the eye. This is called intraocular pressure or IOP.

Glaucoma is not observable by patients, and it is dangerous as it does not have any early symptoms. The symptoms appear after the damage has already been made and, unfortunately, the damage might be irreversible. If it is not diagnosed early, glaucoma in Cyprus can cause loss of vision.

There are no specific factors that lead to the development of glaucoma, but some health conditions can increase the risk of it occurring. These include blood circulation conditions or conditions that affect the oxygen content in our blood. Of course, other factors such as aging, genetics, thin corneas and eye injury background can lead to glaucoma development.

Prevention Is the Best Medicine

Since glaucoma cannot be treated at an advanced stage, everyone should get frequent checkups. During these checkups, the doctor can measure the eye pressure to prevent glaucoma from damaging the optic nerve or to make a diagnosis at an early stage. If it is diagnosed in time and the correct treatment is followed, vision loss can be prevented or slowed.

When glaucoma is diagnosed, the patient must immediately start a treatment to prevent or delay vision loss. Glaucoma treatment in Cyprus is usually for life, and it focuses on the prevention of more damage. The treatment can include medicated eye drops or laser surgery.

eye treatments

Glaucoma Treatment in Cyprus

Glaucoma treatments can prevent or slow down vision loss.

Eye drops

Medicated eye drops can be used daily to reduce eye pressure. Eye drops help the fluid that the eye produces daily to drain more easily or help reduce the fluid that is produced every day.

eye drops

Glaucoma laser treatments

Laser treatments act by allowing fluid to drain from the eye, thus reducing the pressure applied to the optic nerve. We offer trabeculoplasty and iridotomy laser, with the first used to treat open-angle glaucoma and the latter to treat angle-closure glaucoma.

eye laser treatment

Glaucoma Laser Treatments

Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT)

We use this laser treatment to open the drainage channel of the eye, so that fluid can drain more easily. The treatment takes less than 30 minutes and is pain-free.

First, medicated eye drops will be applied to the eye to numb it. Once numbed, the doctor places a special lens on the eye and with the help of a microscope, they guide the laser beams to the trabecular meshwork to achieve better drainage of the eye’s fluid.

Iridotomy Laser

Iridotomy laser is used for people with angle-closure glaucoma, where the iris is pushed forward not allowing the fluid in the eye to drain because it blocks the drainage pathway. This causes the fluid to build up applying pressure to the optic nerve, thus causing glaucoma.

During iridotomy laser treatment you will receive two types of medicated eye drops. The first ones will help the pupil become smaller and the iris can stretch so that the laser procedure becomes easier. The second type of eye drops will be used to numb your eye. Then, the doctor will use laser to make a hole in the iris. This enables the iris to take its natural position, allowing the natural drainage pathway to open and the fluid to drain from the eye. As a result, the pressure applied to the optic nerve is reduced.

Post glaucoma laser treatments and aftercare

After your laser treatment, you might feel mild discomfort and light sensitivity. You will most probably be able to return to your everyday activities the following day. Your doctor will tell you which medicated eye drops to use and how often. There will be a follow-up appointment, so that your doctor can assess your progress.