The Differences Between LASIK and LASEK Eye Surgery

differences between lasik and lasek

Both reflective eye surgeries called LASIK and LASEK are very similar laser procedures and they both correct the patient’s vision by reshaping the cornea of the eye.  The eye doctor will be able to recommend the surgery that is most suitable for your need and issues. Depending on the thickness and size of the cornea one reflective surgery will be more suitable than the other. Here you can read some of the characteristics of the two reflective laser surgeries and learn more about the differences between LASIK and LASEK surgery.


LASIK stands for Laser-Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis and involves the process of creating a corneal flap with a femtosecond laser. It has been performed on people for over twenty years now and it is considered one of the most effective surgery eye treatments.

LASIK is also known to be very quick in recovery since the patient can return to their daily routine with improved vision within twenty-four hours after the surgery. Moreover, LASIK can be a minimally invasive procedure and the discomfort levels are very low with very few complications during and after the surgery.

On the other hand, dry eyes can be a common side effect of this procedure and under corrections, which can mean that the laser didn’t remove enough tissue so the procedure may need to be repeated. Also, the LASIK procedure might not be recommended for a patient that has a very thin cornea or people who participate in sports that are associated with physical contact with the face. 

The LASIK surgery lasts about thirty minutes, and the doctor gives meditation to the patient to relax and focus on a specific light for the laser surgery to start.


LASEK stands for Laser-Assisted Sub-Epithelial Keratectomy and the treatment involves lasering the surface of the cornea under the epithelium which is the transparent layer on the surface of the eye. The main difference between the two surgeries is that LASEK does not require cutting so deep into the eye as LASIK does.

Many patients have reported that the healing process after the LASEK surgery has less discomfort and fewer instances of infection during the following days of the surgery. Although the discomfort is less than the LASIK treatment, it is very noticeable that the healing time and the effectiveness of the procedure take more time to be noticed and applied to the patient’s vision.

The LASEK treatment can last about ten to fifteen minutes per eye and after lasering, the surgeon places bandage lenses on the eyes so you can have clearer vision until the LASEK treatment becomes effective. Moreover, many patients have reported that they do not have any side effects of their eyes drying and this type of surgery is recommended for athletes and people participating in sports that are associated with physical contact with the face.

If you are considering having reflective eye surgery, there is a consultation appointment that is required with your eye doctor to understand your individual needs and determent the best eye surgery for you. Two weeks after the surgery you will need to go back to your eye doctor and ensure that there aren’t any issues after the procedure and your vision has been restored to the expected level. Make sure to book your appointment at Cyprus Eye Doctors and learn more about the available laser reflective eye surgeries.